Lecture 1 - introduction to creativity science-latest

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Phương pháp luận sáng tạo
TS. Nguyễn Anh Tuấn
Khoa mạng máy tính & truyền thông
Mời các bạn xem clip sau
• Productivity Future Vision (2011) – YouTube
Nội dung trình bày
• Khoa học sáng tạo là gì ?
• Mục tiêu của môn học này là gì ?
• Tại sao ta lại cần học môn này
Sáng tạo là gì ?
• Có đến hơn 100 định nghĩa
khác nhau về sáng tạo
Sáng tạo là gì ?
• Creativity is defined as the tendency to generate or
recognize ideas, alternatives, or possibilities that
may be useful in solving problems, communicating
with others, and entertaining ourselves and others.
(page 396) [1]
• Creativity is any act, idea, or product that changes
an existing domain, or that transforms an existing
domain into a new one...What counts is whether the
novelty he or she produces is accepted for inclusion
in the domain." (page 28) [2]
1) Robert E. Franken, Human Motivation, Thomson/Wadsworth, 2006
2) Csikszentmihályi, M. Creativity: flow and the psychology of discovery and
invention, HarperCollinsPublishers, 1996
Sáng tạo là gì ?
• Creativity is the act of turning
new and imaginative ideas into
reality. Creativity involves two
processes: thinking, then
producing.
Innovation is the production or
implementation of an idea. If
you have ideas, but don’t act on
them, you are imaginative but not
creative.” — Linda Naiman
Sáng tạo là gì?
• “Creativity is the process of
bringing something new into
being…creativity requires
passion and commitment. Out of
the creative act is born symbols
and myths.
It brings to our awareness
what was previously hidden
and points to new life. The
experience is one of heightened
consciousness-ecstasy.”
[Rollo May, The Courage to Create]
Einstein nói về sáng tạo
• The secret to creativity is knowing
how to hide your sources.
• Imagination is more important than
knowledge. Knowledge is limited.
• The true sign of intelligence is not
knowledge but imagination.
Những thiên tài sáng tạo
Albert Einstein
Anyone who has never made a mistake
has never tried anything new
Thomas Edison
Born Thomas Alva Edison
February 11, 1847
Milan, Ohio, U.S.
Died October 18, 1931 (aged 84)
West Orange, New Jersey,
U.S.
Nationality American
Education School dropout
Occupation Inventor, businessman
Thomas Edison
• Genius is one per cent
inspiration and ninety-nine per
cent perspiration.
• Many of life's failures are
experienced by people who did
1847-1931
not realize how close they were
to success when they gave up.
• I never perfected an invention that I did not
think about in terms of the service it might give
others... I find out what the world needs, then I
proceed to invent....
Bill Gates
• DOB 28/10/55
• Nghề nghiệp: Chủ
tịch Microsoft
• Tài sản: ~61 tỷ USD
Steve Jobs
• DOB: 24/2/1955
San Francisco, California
• Passed away: 5/10/2011
• Job:computer programmer,
and entrepreneur. CEO: Creativity is just
Apple, Pixar, NeXT
connecting things.
Steave Jobs
Mark Zuckerberg – Facebook
• DOB: 14/5/1984
• Founder of Facebook
• 2nd world youngest self-
made billionair (2010)
Think different
• Vì sao những nhà sáng tạo
phi thường thường không tốt
nghiệp đại học?
• Phải chăng là trường học
đang bào mòn sức sáng tạo ?
• Think different !
Mục tiêu của môn học này là gì ?
• Giới thiệu về khoa học
sáng tạo
• Các phương pháp sáng
tạo
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ngành CNTT
• Các phương pháp hỗ trợ
sáng tạo
A day made of glass 2