Đề thi đại học môn tiếng anh khối a1 năm 2012 (5)

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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ THI TUYỂN SINH ĐẠI HỌC NĂM 2012
Môn: TIẾNG ANH; Khối A1
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
(Đề thi có 07 trang)
Mã đề thi 794
Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................
Số báo danh:............................................................................
ĐỀ THI GỒM CÓ 80 CÂU (TỪ QUESTION 1 ĐẾN QUESTION 80)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 1: She did not study hard enough to win the scholarship.
A. Winning the scholarship did not make her study harder.
B. She could have won the scholarship if she had studied harder.
C. She studied hard but she could not win the scholarship.
D. It was very hard for her to win the scholarship.
Question 2: “Please accept my apology for arriving late,” said Janet to her employer.
A. Janet quickly made an apology and the employer accepted it.
B. Janet apologised to her employer for her late arrival.
C. Janet had to make an apology because her employer demanded it.
D. Janet thought she would apologise to her employer for arriving late.
Question 3: To my surprise, the stranger knew my name.
A. It surprised the stranger that I knew his name.
B. What surprised me most was the stranger’s name.
C. I was surprised that the stranger knew my name.
D. My name was the only thing the stranger knew.
Question 4: Soil erosion is a result of forests being cut down carelessly.
A. That forests are being cut down carelessly results from soil erosion.
B. That forests are being cut down carelessly leads to soil erosion.
C. Soil erosion results in forests being cut down carelessly.
D. Soil erosion contributes to forests being cut down carelessly.
Question 5: Walking on the grass in the park is not permitted.
A. We must not walk on the grass in the park.
B. You can walk on the grass in the park if you want to.
C. We do not have to walk on the grass in the park.
D. People like walking on the grass in the park.
Question 6: She prefers going to the library to staying at home.
A. She does not like either going to the library or staying at home.
B. She stays at home instead of going to the library.
C. She likes nothing better than going to the library.
D. She would rather go to the library than stay at home.
Question 7: Fiona has been typing the report for an hour.
A. Fiona finished the report an hour ago.
B. It took Fiona an hour to type the report.
C. Fiona will finish typing the report in an hour.
D. It is an hour since Fiona started typing the report.
Question 8: No matter how hard Fred tried to lose weight, he did not succeed.
A. It did not matter whether Fred could lose weight.
B. Fred tried very hard to lose weight and succeeded.
C. It was hard for Fred to lose weight because he never succeeded.
D. However hard Fred tried, he could not lose weight.
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Question 9: “I will not leave until I see the manager,” said the customer.
A. The customer refused to leave until he saw the manager.
B. The customer said he would leave before he saw the manager.
C. The customer was persuaded to see the manager before leaving.
D. The customer decided to leave because he did not see the manager.
Question 10: The situation was so embarrassing that she did not know what to do.
A. So embarrassing the situation was that she did not know what to do.
B. It was such an embarrassing situation; however, she did not know what to do.
C. She did not know what to do, though it was not an embarrassing situation.
D. So embarrassing was the situation that she did not know what to do.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs
correction in each of the following questions.
Question 11: A novel is a story long enough to fill a complete book, in that the characters and events
A B C
are usually imaginary.
D
Question 12: Not until he got home he realised he had forgotten to give her the present.
A B C D
Question 13: He has hardly never given a more impressive performance than this.
A B C D
Question 14: A lot of people stop smoking because they are afraid their health will be affected and
A B C
early death.
D
Question 15: The student must have her assessment form fill in by the examiner during the oral exam.
A B C D
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 16: No matter how angry he was, he would never ______ to violence.
A. refuse B. resist C. resolve D. resort
Question 17: Although we have a large number of students, each one receives ______ attention.
A. individual B. only C. alone D. separate
Question 18: I ______ work last week, but I changed my mind.
A. have started B. had started C. would start D. was going to start
Question 19: They live on a busy road. ______ a lot of noise from traffic.
A. It must be B. There must be C. There must have D. It must have been
Question 20: She passed the National High School Graduation Exam with ______ colours.
A. red B. true C. bright D. flying
Question 21: The Principal usually has his pupils ______ waste paper for their mini-project.
A. to collect B. having collected C. collected D. collect
Question 22: The children made ______ a funny story and wrote it on the card.
A. for B. out C. off D. up
Question 23: He is a very intelligent boy; ______, he sometimes gets bad marks.
A. otherwise B. so C. however D. thus
Question 24: Anna is holding her shopping bag with one hand and turning the door handle with ______.
A. others B. another C. the other D. other
Question 25: Ann: “Do you need any help?”
Kate: “______.”
A. I haven’t got a clue B. That’s all for now
C. That’s fine by me D. No, thanks. I can manage
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Question 26: I ______ with my aunt when I am on holiday in Ho Chi Minh City next month.
A. will be staying B. will have stayed
C. will have been staying D. stay
Question 27: I can’t find my dictionary at the moment. I hope it will ______ up soon.
A. clear B. look C. come D. turn
Question 28: He died ______ lung cancer last month, leaving his wife in great shock.
A. in B. by C. of D. for
Question 29: Lora: “Do you mind if I turn on the fan?”
Maria: “______.”
A. Never mind B. Not at all C. Not for me D. Not enough
Question 30: Tom: “Can I have another cup of tea?”
Christy: “______.”
A. Allow yourself B. Do it yourself C. Help yourself D. Be yourself
Question 31: She started the course two months ago but dropped ______ after only a month.
A. out B. back C. off D. in
Question 32: Nowadays, with the help of the computer, teachers have developed a ______ approach
to teaching.
A. multilingual B. multiple-choice C. multimedia D. multilateral
Question 33: ______ that Columbus discovered America.
A. In 1492 B. That was in 1492 C. There was in 1492 D. It was in 1492
Question 34: The use of vitamin ______ and herbs has become increasingly popular among
Americans.
A. ingredients B. materials C. components D. supplements
Question 35: Due to ever more spreading poaching, there ______ a dramatic decline in the number
of elephants over the last decade.
A. is B. had been C. was D. has been
Question 36: The language centre offers courses of various levels, such as elementary, intermediate
and ______.
A. advancing B. advance C. advanced D. advancement
Question 37: He came ______ a lot of criticism for the remarks he made in a television interview.
A. out of B. in for C. off D. over
Question 38: Geometry is a branch of mathematics ______ the properties of lines, curves, shapes,
and surfaces.
A. that it is concerned with B. that concerning with
C. concerned with D. that concerned with
Question 39: ______ make a good impression on her.
A. Only by doing so can I B. Only so doing can I
C. Only by doing so I can D. Only by so doing I can
Question 40: People don’t like the way he shows off, ______?
A. do they B. don’t they C. doesn’t he D. does he
Read the following passage on transport, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 41 to 50.
Most journeys in Britain and the US are made by road. Some of these are made on public transport
but most are by private car.
In Britain many people rely on their cars for daily local activities, e.g. getting to work, doing the
shopping, and visiting friends. People living in urban areas may use buses, trains or, in London, the
Underground, to get to city centres, mainly because traffic is often heavy and it is difficult to find
anywhere to park a car. Some places in the country may have a bus only two or three times a week so
people living there have no choice but to rely on their cars.
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In the US large cities have good public transportation systems. The El railroad in Chicago and the
underground systems of New York, Boston, San Francisco and Washington, DC are heavily used.
Elsewhere, most Americans prefer to use their cars. Families often have two cars and, outside major
cities, have to drive fairly long distances to schools, offices, shops, banks, etc. Many college and even
high-school students have their own cars.
Long-distance travel in Britain is also mainly by road, though railways link most towns and cities.
Most places are linked by motorways or other fast roads and many people prefer to drive at their
own convenience rather than use a train, even though they may get stuck in a traffic jam. Long-
distance coach/bus services are usually a cheaper alternative to trains, but they take longer and may
be less comfortable. Some long-distance travel, especially that undertaken for business reasons, may
be by air. There are regular flights between regional airports, as well as to and from London. A lot of
freight is also distributed by road, though heavier items and raw materials often go by rail.
In the US much long-distance travel is by air. America has two main long-distance bus companies,
Greyhound and Trailways. Amtrak, the national network, provides rail services for passengers.
Private railway companies such as Union Pacific now carry only freight, though in fact over 70% of
freight goes by road.
The main problems associated with road transport in both Britain and the US are traffic congestion
and pollution. It is predicted that the number of cars on British roads will increase by a third within a
few years, making both these problems worse. The British government would like more people to use
public transport, but so far they have had little success in persuading people to give up their cars or to
share rides with neighbours. Most people say that public transport is simply not good enough.
Americans too have resisted government requests to share cars because it is less convenient and
restricts their freedom. Petrol/gasoline is relatively cheap in the US and outside the major cities
public transport is bad, so they see no reason to use their cars less.
(Extracted from Oxford Guide to British and American Culture, Oxford University Press, 2000)
Question 41: In Britain and the US most people travel by ______.
A. road B. air C. rail D. sea
Question 42: According to the passage, people in London may prefer the Underground to their own
cars due to ______.
A. long distances B. heavy traffic C. cheap tickets D. air pollution
Question 43: It is mentioned in paragraph 3 that the public transportation systems in the US are good
in ______.
A. large states B. some states C. large cities D. all cities
Question 44: Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Few college students in the US have their own cars.
B. Families in the US often have more than one car.
C. Most Americans prefer to drive their cars outside large cities.
D. The underground systems are popular in some major US cities.
Question 45: The phrase “at their own convenience” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. at the latest time and nearest place B. at an appropriate time and place
C. at the fastest time and nearest place D. at an early time and nearby place
Question 46: Which of the following is true about transport in Britain?
A. Long-distance travel in Britain is only by road.
B. Heavier items and raw materials are often transported by train.
C. There are no regular flights between regional airports.
D. Trains are usually cheaper than long-distance coach services.
Question 47: According to the information in paragraph 5, long-distance travellers in the US can
choose from ______ mode(s) of transport.
A. one B. two C. three D. four
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Question 48: It is stated in the passage that the major problems of road transport in Britain and the
US are ______.
A. traffic jams and pollution B. drink-driving and traffic jams
C. speeding and bad roads D. accidents and pollution
Question 49: According to the passage, people in Britain refuse public transport because ______.
A. they think it is not good enough B. petrol is relatively cheap in Britain
C. they see no reason to use their cars less D. they like to share rides with neighbours
Question 50: The word “they” in the last sentence of the passage can best be replaced by ______.
A. Americans B. major cities C. neighbours D. the government
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST
in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 51: Within a week on display at the exhibition, the painting was hailed as a masterpiece.
A. a down-to-earth work of art B. a large work of art
C. an excellent work of art D. an expensive work of art
Question 52: These were the people who advocated using force to stop school violence.
A. openly criticised B. publicly supported
C. publicly said D. strongly condemned
Question 53: Although they hold similar political views, their religious beliefs present a striking
contrast.
A. significant difference B. interesting resemblance
C. minor comparison D. complete coincidence
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE
in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 54: Vietnam’s admission to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has promoted its trade
relations with other countries.
A. expanded B. balanced C. boosted D. restricted
Question 55: The consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to the lack of precautionary
measures.
A. physical B. damaging C. severe D. beneficial
Read the following passage on social issues in American schools, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D
on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 56 to 65.
In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems. They
must (56)______ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English.
They must respond to demands (57)______ the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children.
Schools must make sure that students develop (58)______ skills for the job market, and they must
consider the needs of nontraditional students, such as teenage mothers.
Schools are (59)______ these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational
system. They are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English (60)______ a second
language and, in some communities, setting up bilingual schools. They are opening (61)______ the
traditional European-centered curriculum to embrace material from African, Asian, and other
cultures.
Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the (62)______ 40 percent of American students who
do not go on to higher education. In the (63)______ of a recent report by the Commission on
Achieving Necessary Skills, “A strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were
once all that was necessary to (64)______ a start in America. They are no longer. A well-developed
mind, a continued willingness to learn and the ability to put knowledge to work are the new keys
(65)______ the future of our young people, the success of our business, and the economic well-being
of the nation.”
(Extracted from InfoUSA – CD Version)
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