Bộ đề thi thử thpt quốc gia môn tiếng anh số 21

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(ĐỀ LUYỆN 249) Thời gian: 90 phút
I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in
meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 1: I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.
A. hopeless B. hopeful C. successful D. unsuccessful
Question 2: Carpets from countries such as Persia and Afghanistan often fetch high prices in the United
A. Artifacts B. Pottery C. Rugs D. Textiles
Question 3: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps it has taken brilliant
thinkers to recognize their potential.
A. accidents B. misunderstandings C. incidentals D. misfortunes
II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE
in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 4: The government is not prepared to tolerate this situation any longer.
A. look down on B. put up with C. take away from D. give on to
Question 5: I clearly remember talking to him in a chance meeting last summer.
A. unplanned B. deliberate C. accidental D. unintentional
III. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that has the stress pattern
different from that of the rest in each of the following questions.
Question 6: A. tattoo B. taboo C. igloo D. shampoo
Question 7: A. innovate B. insolent C. insistent D. innocent
Question 8: A. irrelevant B. irreparable C. irritable D. irrational
Question 9: A. psychological B. photographic C. agricultural D. spectacular
Question 10: A. subculture B. vigorous C. gadgetry D. consensus
IV. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning
to each of the following questions.
Question 11: He’ll know if he’s got the position or not sometime before 5 o’clock today.
A. By 5 p.m today he’ll be informed about whether he’s been accepted for the position.
B. If he has been accepted for the position, he will receive the confirmation at around 5 p.m today.
C. Although it seems certain that he will be accepted, the decision won’t be made known to him until 5
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D. If they decide to accept him for the position, they’ll contact him around 5 o’clock today
Question 12: If he doesn’t apologize, I will never invite him here again.
A. Unless he apologizes, then I will never invite him here again.
B. Unless he apologizes, otherwise I will never invite him here again.
C. Unless he apologizes, or I will never invite him here again.
D. Unless he apologizes, I will never invite him here again.
Question 13: The writer Kate Millett was forced to stay in a psychiatric hospital by her family.
A. The writer Kate Millett’s family made her stay in a psychiatric hospital.
B. The family of the writer Kate Millett convinced her to remain in a psychiatric hospital.
C. Together with her family, the writer Kate Millett was made to go into a psychiatric hospital.
D. Problems with her family made the writer Kate Millett go to a psychiatric hospital.
Question 14: I regret not going to the airport to say goodbye to her.
A. I wish I had gone to the airport to say goodbye to her.
B. I wish I would go to the airport to say goodbye to her.
C. I wish I went to the airport to say goodbye to her.
D. I wish I would have gone to the airport to say good bye to her.
Question 15: He’s been studying for so many years that he should have realized sooner that his grammar
was incorrect.
A. A student of his experience ought to have noticed his incorrect grammar earlier.
B. The student would have known that his grammar was incorrect if he’d had more experience.
C. The grammar wouldn’t have been so problematic if the student had been aware of it sooner.
D. He has been a student for so long that he could quickly tell when his grammar was incorrect.
V. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 16: Manufacturers often sacrifice quality _________.
A. in place of to earn more money B. and instead earn a bigger amount of money
C. for a larger profit margin D. to gain more quantities of money
Question 17: When reaching the top of the hill, __________.
A. below us extended the sea B. the sea came into view
C. it was the sea that extended below us D. we suddenly caught sight of the sea
Question 18: To solve this problem, it is advisable ________.
A. that a drastic measure be adopted B. that a drastic measure is adopted
C. a drastic measure to be adopted D. that to adopt a drastic measure
Question 19: The instructions from air traffic control were not fully explicit, and .
A. therefore the pilot made it crash B. as a result, the pilot made an error and
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C. so that the pilot made an error and crashed D. resulting from the pilot crashing the plane
Question 20: ______________, Sir Isaac Newton described the laws of gravitation.
A. A seventeenth-century scientist B. When was a seventeenth-century scientist
C. Was a seventeenth-century scientist D. Who was a seventeenth-century scientist
VI. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 21: Why do you say the project should be changed even more? Personally, I cannot see the
__________of introducing so many alternations.
A. ground B. reason C. point D. clue
Question 22: Mrs. Brown: Taxi! Taxi! Taxi driver: ______
A. It's my duty to drive you. B. Where to, Madam? C. Fancy meeting you here. D. Where are you?
Question 23: The military government was determined to ______all opposition.
A. put through B. put out C. put down D. put in
Question 24: The tiny bells on the Christmas tree were ______ in the draught.
A. clanging B. tinkling C. gurgling D. ringing
Question 25: Top fashion models often spend hundreds of pounds______.
A. getting straightened their teeth B. having got their teeth straightened
C. getting their teeth straightened D. straightening their teeth
Question 26: ______, Edison didn’t have much schooling and he was taught by his mother.
A. When was a boy B. A boy was when C. Was a boy D. When a boy
Question 27: Only if these conditions are fulfilled ______to the next stage.
A. can the application proceed B. the application can proceed
C. the application proceed D. do the application proceed
Question 28: Mach numbers describe the velocity of airplanes ______ over the speed of sound.
A. have moved B. move C. moving D. moved
Question 29: Auroras are created when the sun’s particles are caught in ______.
A. field the earth’s magnetic B. the field magnetic earth C. the earth’s magnetic fields D. the
magnetic field earth
Question 30: (After a party at Mary’s house). Bill: ______. Mary: Thanks for your compliment.
Good night!
A. You are a good cooker. Good night! B. You are a good cook. Good night!
C. Long time no see. Good night! D. Many happy returns. Good night!
Question 31: It is ______ that so many young people leave school without qualifications.
A. to be regretted B. to be regrettable C. to be regretful D. to regret
Question 32: Sumerians were the first to invent cuneiform, ______.
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A. was s system of writing B. for a system of witting C. a system of writing D. which a system of
Question 33: After the seventh month of pregnancy, ______ a good chance of survival.
A. there is a premature baby B. a premature baby has C. does a premature baby have D. it has
premature baby
Question 34: Migratory patterns in births ______ term of seasonal changes.
A. in usually be explained B. can be explained usually in C. can usually be explained in D. can be
explained in usually
Question 35: I am afraid that if I started running, the man would ______ me
A. take on B. take after C. take up D. take apart
Question 36: Mary lost one of her running shoes, but won the race despite this ______
A. disaster B. feat C. awkwardness D. handicap
Question 37: “Where’s Polly?” She ______.
A. in her room is studying B. has in her room studying C. studies in her room D. is in her room
Question 38: Veronica broke the school rules so many times that the headmistress finally had no
alternative but to ___ her.
A. eject B. expel C. export D. deport
Question 39: ______ your precious help, I wouldn’t have certainly overcome most of the practical
A. If not B. Provided C. Unless D. Without
Question 40: I've applied for several jobs. I don't want to ______.
A. be a good egg B. have an egg on my face
C. kill the goose that lay the golden eggs D. put all my eggs in one basket
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in
each of the following questions.
Question 41. Monrovian conducted the orchestra gracefully and with style to the delight of his appreciative
Question 42. Students should be encouraged to discuss critically about the information that they are given.
Question 43. The package containing books and records were delivered last week.
Question 44. Psychological experiment indicate that people remember more math problems that they can’t
solve than those they are able to solve. A B C D
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Question 45. Studying the science of logic is one way to cultivate one’s reason skills.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct
word for each of the blanks from 46 to 55.
Fifty-five delegates representing all thirteen states except Rhode Island attended the Constitutional
Convention in Philadelphia from May to September 1787. The delegates had been instructed by the
Continental Congress to revise the old Articles of Confederation, but most believed that a stronger central
government was needed. There were differences, however, about what structure the government should
take and how much influence large states should have.
Virginia was by far the most populous state, with twice as many as people as New York, four times as
many as New Jersey, and ten times as many as Delaware. The leader of the Virginia delegation, James
Madison, had already drawn up a plan for government, which became known as the Large State Plan. Its
essence was that congressional representation would be based on population. It provided for two or more
national executives. The smaller states feared that under this plan, a few large states would lord over the
rest. New Jersey countered with the Small State Plan. It provided for equal representation for all states in a
national legislature and for a single national executive. Angry debate, heightened by a stifling heat wave,
led to deadlock.
A cooling of tempers seemed to come with lower temperatures. The delegates hammered out an
agreement known as the Great Compromise – actually a bundle of shrewd compromises. They decided that
Congress would consist of two houses. The larger states were granted representation based on population in
the lower house, the House of Representatives. The smaller states were given equal representation in the
upper house, the Senate, in which each state would have two senators regardless of population. It was also
agreed that there would be a single executive, the president. This critical compromise broke the logjam,
and from then on, success seemed within reach.
Question 46: What is the main topic of this passage?
A. James Madison’s plan to create a stable structure for the government of the United States
B. The differences in population and relative power between the original states
C. A disagreement at the Constitutional Convention and a subsequent compromise
D. The most important points of the Small State Plan
Question 47: According to the passage, how many states were represented at the Constitutional
A. Fourteen B. Twelve C. Thirteen D. Fifty-five
Question 48: It can be inferred from the passage that ___________.
A. Every state in the country is larger than Delaware B. Delaware has no right at the Constitutional
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C. Virginia is ten times larger than Delaware D. Delaware has a small population compared
to other states
Question 49: It can be inferred from the passage that the Articles of Confederation ___________.
A. allowed small states to dominate large ones C. were revised and presented as the Large State Plan
B. provided for only a weak central government D. were supported by a majority of the delegates at the
Question 50: According to the passage, in 1787 which of the following states had the FEWEST people?
A. New York B. Delaware C. New Jersey D. Virginia
Question 51: In line 10, the phrase this plan (paragraph 2) refers to ___________.
A. a plan suggested by the national legislature B. the Small State Plan
C. a compromise plan D. the Large State Plan
Question 52: According to the passage, the weather had what effect on the Constitutional Convention?
A. Cold temperatures made Independence Hall an uncomfortable place to work
B. Hot weather intensified the debate while cooler weather brought compromise
C. Bad weather prevented some of the delegates from reaching Philadelphia
D. Delegates hurried to achieve an agreement before winter arrived
Question 53: The word shrewd (paragraph 3) is closest in meaning to ___________.
A. clever B. unfair C. important D. practical
Question 54: Which of the following is NOT given in the passage as one of the provisions of the Great
A. Each state would have two senators B. Congress would be divided into two bodies
C. There would be only one national executive D. The president would be elected by popular vote
Question 55: The author uses the phrase broke the logjam (paragraph 3) to indicate that ___________.
A. the Convention came to a sudden end B. the situation had become desperate
C. the government was nearly bankrupt D. some major problems had been solved
Read the following passage taken from Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 8th edition, and mark
the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 56
to 65.
Like the Korean War, the Vietnam War was a result of US policy during the Cold War, a period when
Americans believed that Communism, the political system in the Soviet Union and China, was a threat to
their (56) ___ and power.
Vietnam, a colony of France, wanted to become independent, but the US believed that Communists were
behind the (57) ___ movement, and so opposed it. The US became (58) ___ in Vietnam only gradually. At
first, under President Eisenhower, it provided the French with supplies. In 1954 the Geneva Accords
divided Vietnam into the Communist North and the anti-Communist South. Under President Kennedy, in
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the early 1960s, many US soldiers were sent to the South (59) ___ advisers. In 1964, after an attack on US
ships, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which gave President Johnson greater powers to fight
a war, and in the spring of 1965 Marines were sent to South Vietnam.
It was easy to keep the Communist forces, called the National Liberation Front or the Viet Cong, (60)
___ South Vietnam, but much (61) ___ to defeat them. The US used bombs against the Vietnamese troops,
and chemicals to destroy crops, which had a terrible effect on people as well as on the land. There were also
reports of atrocities (= acts of extreme violence and cruelty ) committed by both sides. In 1968 the My Lai
massacre, in which over 300 civilians were killed by US soldiers, (62) ___ Americans at home. Many US
soldiers were not sure (63) ___ they were fighting the war and became traumatized by the violence around
them. Discipline became a problem, and the use of drugs was common. Soldiers were accused of
committing acts of violence against each other and against Vietnamese civilians.
In 1968 the Viet Cong started a major attack, and the US position in South Vietnam was threatened. As
the war escalated it lost support at home and also in other countries. When Richard Nixon became President
he (64) ___tried to attack hard and force the Viet Cong to come to an agreement. The war then spread to
Vietnam’s neighbor, Cambodia. Finally, in 1972, Nixon sent Henry Kissinger to negotiate a ceasefire, and
afterwards the US was no longer directly involved in the war, though it continued to provide supplies. In
1975 the government of South Vietnam fell and the country was taken over by the Communist forces.
© Oxford University Press, 2010
Question 56: A. security B. assurance C. safe D. save
Question 57: A. independent B. dependence C. independence D. dependent
Question 58: A. to have involved B. involving C. to be involved D. involved
Question 59: A. to B. such as C. as D. than
Question 60: A. out of B. away from C. into D. up with
Question 61: A. stronger B. greater C. sharper D. harder
Question 62: A. were shocked B. shocked C. shock D. had shocked
Question 63: A. where B. why C. how D. what
Question 64: A. at first B. last C. first D. at last
PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm)
I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as
the provided one.
1. “ How many survivors are there?”, asked the journalist.
=> The journalist wanted to know_________________________________________
2. It was such rotten meat that it had to be thrown away.
=> The meat was_________________________________________
3. It is essential that Profesor Van Helsing is met at the airport
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=> Profesor Van Helsing_________________________________________
4. You can’t visit the USA unless you have a visa.
=> If you_________________________________________
5. “ Can I borrow your typewriter, Janet”? asked Peter.
=> Peter asked if_________________________________________
II. TOPIC: Write about the formal school education system in Vietnam.
The current formal school education system in Vietnam, as we all know, consists of three levels;
pre-school, primary and secondary educations. Secondary education is divided into lower and upper stage.
Now, in some provinces especially in cities, there are two parallel school systems in pre-school, primary or
even secondary education; state and private schools. Tuition fees are different very much from state to
private schools. In both systems, the academic year, from early September to late May, is divided into two
semesters consisting of four to five months each.
Children usually start their pre-school at the age of three, when they go to the nurseries but this
stage is not compulsory. When children reach the age of six, they must go to primary schools. The primary
education lasts five years with 5 grades; from grade 1 to grade 5. After having finished primary education,
children can go to lower secondary schools from grade 6 to grade 9. Children who complete lower
secondary may be accepted to upper secondary schools which last three years with 3 grades; ten to twelve.
It depends on the locality that children have to take the entrance examination to be upper secondary
students. Children finish the school education when they finish grade 12. Often, at the end of upper
secondary education, student have to take the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE), the
requirement to go to university or college, The GCSE used to take place in early June, but this year in early
--------------The End-----------
(ĐỀ LUYỆN 250) Thời gian: 90 phút
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. activity B. intelligence C. observation D. development
Question 2: A. arrangement B. temperature C. victory D. envelope
Question 3: A. bamboo B. hello C. hotel D. beauty
Question 4: A. wonderful B. confident C. regular D. impressive
Question 5: A. attract B. marry C. demand D. connect
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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following
Question 6: Our learning and teaching equipment needs ______ if further improvement is to be achieved.
A. modernized B. to modernize C. modernizing D. modernize
Question 7: An old gentleman, who is not sure where to gofor the summer holiday, is asking a travel agent
for advice. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank.
Gentleman: ”Can you recommend any places for this summer holiday?" Agent: "______."
A. A package tour to the Spratly Islands would be perfect, sir
B. I don’t think you could afford a tour to Singapore, sir
C. Yes, please go to other agencies D. No, you cannot recommend any places
Question 8: I’d rather not ______ about it in such an unfavorable circumstance.
A. talked B. talking C. talk D. to talk
Question 9: ______ the class size is our school’s immediate aim.
A. Reduced B. Reduces C. Reducing D. Reduce
Question 10: Our house isn’t ______ for the children each to have a room of their own, so they have to
A. so small B. too big C. very small D. big enough
Question 11: “______ seen a play with such a strong message.”
A. I have rarely B. Rarely did I C. I rarely D. Rarely do I
Question 12: My father is a big football fan, but my mother has no ______ in the sport at all.
A. interesting B. interest C. interested D. interestingly
Question 13: Penicillin, the first antibiotic that successfully killed bacteria and cured infections, was
discovered ______. A. by comparison B. by choice C. by accident D. by
Question 14: The number of cars on the roads ______ increasing, so we need to build more roads.
A. is B. were C. was D. are
Question 15: It’s been five months ______ I last went fishing.
A. since B. that C. while D. which
Question 16: Thang was asking Huong, his classmate, for her opinion about the novel he had lent her.
Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Thang: "What do you think about the novel?" Huong:
A. Yes, let's. B. The best I've ever read! C. I can't agree with you more. D. I wish I could.
Question 17: Mary is a friendly girl who ______ everyone she meets.
A. gets up B. gets on with C. gets over D. gets out of
Question 18: If she let this chance slip, she ______ it for the rest of her life.
A. would regret B. regrets C. will regret D. would have regretted
Question 19: “If you are not satisfied ______ your purchase, we will give you a full refund.”
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A. at B. of C. for D. with
Question 20: Researchers are making enormous progress inunderstanding ______ and what causes it.
A. a tsunami is what B. what a tsunami is C. is what a tsunami D. what is a tsunami
Question 21: It has long been recognized ______ a high-fat diet can cause heart problems.
A. what B. which C. that D. where
Question 22: “______ anyone ring while I’m away, please take a message.”
A. May B. Would C. Will D. Should
Question 23: Linh informs her aunt about her high school graduation exam results. Select the most suitable
response to fill in the blank. Linh: "Aunty, I've passed the exam with flying colours." Aunt: "______"
A. Sorry to hear that. B. Congratulations! C. That's right. D. How many colours?
Question 24: This moment will live in our memory for many years ______.
A. to come B. have come C. coming D. come
Question 25: Some animals have a remarkable ability to______ themselves to changing environments.
A. adapt B. fit C. suit D. match
Question 26: She made a list of what to do ______ forget anything.
A. in order to B. not to C. so that D. so as not to
Question 27: Some English words have the same pronunciation ______.
A. or they spell differently B. unless spelled differently
C. though they are spelled differently D. because of their difference in spelling
Question 28: ______, she received a big applause.
A. When the speaker finished B. After she finishes speaking C. Finished her lecture D. Speaking has
Question 29: “Don’t eat so many sweets, ______ you’ll have to visit the dentist often.”
A. otherwise B. whether C. when D. while
Question 30: After his operation, Tom tried to lead ______ possible.
A. a very normal life as B. as normal a life as C. as normal life as D. normal life as
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
Question 31: The doctor advised him to avoid eating fatty foods, having more fresh vegetables and drink
much water. A B C D
Question 32: I always look back on the time where I spent with my family on a farm in California.
Question 33:A new school with more than 50 classrooms have just been built in our local area.
Question 34:Children should not expect to rescue by their parents every time they get into financial
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Question 35: Listening to the radio and you can stay informed about current affairs.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B,C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word
or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 61 to 70.
Rural America is diverse in many ways. (36)_____ wehave seen, no one industry dominates the
rural economy, no single pattern of population decline or (37)____ exists for all rural areas, and no
statement about improvements and gaps in well-being holds true for all rural people.
Many of these differences are regional in nature. That is, rural areas within a particular geographic
region of the country often tend to be similar (38)_____ each other and different from areas in (39)_____
region. Some industries, for example, are (40)_____ with different regions – logging and sawmills in the
Pacific Northwest and New England, manufacturing in the Southeast and Midwest, and farming in the
Great Plains. Persistent poverty also has a regional pattern, concentrated primarily in the Southeast. Other
differences follow no regional pattern. Areas that rely heavily (41)_____ the services industry are located
throughout rural America, as are rural areas that have (42)_____ access to advanced telecommunications
Many of these differences, regional and non-regional, are the result of a (43)_____ of factors
including the availability of natural (44)_____; distance from and access to major metropolitan areas and
the information and services found there; transportation and shipping facilities; political history and
structure; and the racial, ethnic, and (45)_____ makeup of the population. Adapted from“Understanding
Rural America”, InfoUSA
Question 36: A. Since B. Like C. Because D. As
Question 37: A. grow B. growth C. growing D. grown
Question 38: A. of B. with C. to D. from
Question 39: A. the other B. others C. other D. another
Question 40: A. added B. associated C. compared D. related
Question 41: A. in B. on C. at D. for
Question 42: A. lots B. many C. small D. little
Question 43: A. cooperation B. combination C. link D. connection
Question 44: A. resources B. habitats C. sources D. materials
Question 45: A. cultured B. culturally C. cultural D. culture
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct
answer to each of the questions from 46 to 55.
In my experience, freshmen today are different fromthose I knew when I started as a counselor and
professor 25 years ago. College has always been demanding both academically and socially. But students
are less mature and often not ready for the responsibility of being in college.
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It is really too easy to point the finger at parents who protect their children from life’s obstacles.
Parents, who handle every difficulty and every other responsibility for their children from writing
admission essays to picking college courses, certainly may contribute to their children’s lack of coping
strategies. But we can look
even more broadly to the social trends of today.
How many people do you know who are on medication to prevent anxiety or depression? The
number of students who arrive at college already medicated for unwanted emotions has increased
dramatically in the past 10 years. We, as a society, don’t want to “feel” anything unpleasant and we
certainly don’t want our children to “suffer”.
The resulting problem is that by not experiencing negative emotions, one does not learn the
necessary skills to tolerate and negotiate adversity. Asa psychologist, I am well aware of the fact that some
individuals suffer from depression and anxiety and can benefit from treatment, but I question the growing
number of medicated adolescents today.
Our world is more stressful in general because of the current economic and political realities, but I
believe that the college experience itself is more intense today than that of the past 10 years. What I do
think is that many students are often not prepared to be young “adults” with all the responsibilities of life.
What does this mean for college faculty and staff? We are required to assist in the basic parenting of these
students - the student who complains that her professor didn’t remind her of the due date for an assignment
that was clearly listed on the syllabus and the student who cheats on an assignment in spite of careful
instructions about plagiarism.
As college professors, we have to explain what it means to be an independent college student before
we can even begin to teach. As parents and teachers we shouldexpect young people to meet challenges. To
encourage them in this direction, we have to step back and let them fail and pick themselves up and move
forward. This approach needs to begin at an early age so that collegecan actually be a passage to
independent adulthood. Adapted from “Students are different now”by Linda Bips. New York Times,
October 11, 2010
Question 46: According to the writer, students today are different from those she knew in that they are
A. not so academic B. responsible for their work C. too ready for college D. not as mature
Question 47: The word “handle” in paragraph 2 mostly means ______.
A. point at B. deal with C. lend a hand to D. gain benefits from
Question 48: According to the writer, students’ difficulties to cope with college life are partly due to
A. the lack of financial support B. the over-parenting from parents
C. the absence of parents' protection D. the lack of parental support
Question 49: The phrase "on medication" in paragraph 3 is similar in meaning to ______.
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A. receiving medical treatment B. suffering anxiety or depression
C. doing medical research D. studying medicine at college
Question 50: The word "intense" in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. needing much experience B. not serious C. not interesting D. demanding big efforts
Question 51: Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
A. The college experience itself is more intense today than that of the past 10 years.
B. Our world is more stressful because of the current economic and political situation.
C. College faculty and staff are required to helpin the parenting of problematic students.
D. Our society certainly doesn't want our children to experience unpleasant things.
Question 52: The word "them" in the last paragraph refers to ______.
A. college professors B. young people C. teachers D. parents
Question 53: Students who are not well-prepared to be young “adults” with all the responsibilities of life
will need ______. A. to be assigned more housework from adults B. to be given more social
C. to be encouraged to meet challenges D. daily coaching from their teachers
Question 54: According to the writer, failure in life and less support from parents will ______.
A. defeat students from the very beginning B. help students to learn to stand on their own feet
C. discourage students and let them down forever D. allow students to learn the first lesson in their lives
Question 55: What is probably the writer's attitude in the passage?
A. Indifferent B. Praising C. Critical D. Humorous
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 56: John wants to buy a new car, so he starts setting aside a small part of his monthly earnings.
A. spending on B. using up C. putting out D. saving up
Question 57: The board of directors rejected the proposed project, explaining that it was too expensive to be
feasible at the present moment. A. costly B. troublesome C. capable D. practicable
Question 58: After all these years of good work, Arthur deserves a promotion.
A. ought to be denied B. might be produced C. should be given D. could be rejected
Question 59: The performance of the synchronized swimmers was so brilliant; the judges could find no
flaws in it. A. find nothing imperfect B. award no bonus C. find many mistakes D. suggest more
Question 60: When I visited the city, I was really impressed by the hospitality of the people there.
A. deeply depressed B. fairly concerned C. slightly frightened D. deeply moved
Choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the one in italics.
61. You’re not to blame for what happened.
A. You’re not accused of what happened. B. What happened is not your fault.
C. You’re responsible for what happened. D. We blame you for what happened.
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62. He can hardly see at all without glasses.
A. He can see without glasses. B. He can see even if he doesn’t wear glasses.
C. He can’t see everything without glasses. D. He is practically blind without glasses.
63. The concert wasn’t as good as we had expected.
A. The concert wasn’t so good as we had seen. B. We expected the concert to be worse.
C. We thought the concert would be much better. D. The concert was thought to be as good.
64. Please don’t ask her to the party.
A. I’d rather you didn’t invite her to the party. B. I’d rather not ask her to the party.
C. Please don’t ask her about the party. D. You ask her to the party, don’t you?
PHẦN TỰ LUẬN: (2 điểm)
I. Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that the original meaning is exactly the same as
the provided one.
1. “ Why don’t you put better lock on the door, Barbara”? said John
=> John suggested_________________________________________
2. Although his both legs were broken in the crash, he managed to get out of the car before it exploded.
=> Despite his_________________________________________
3. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.
=> This is the first_________________________________________
4. The architect has drawn plans for an extension to the house.
=> Plans_________________________________________
5. It isn’t necessary for you to finish by Saturday
=> You_________________________________________
II. TOPIC: Write a letter to pen-pal to talk about your family.
……………, September 26th, 2014
Dear Michael,
I am writing to talk about my family as requested in your last letter.
There are four members in my family; my parents, my elder brother and I. My dad is now at his
forty-five and my mom is two years younger. My elder brother is twenty-two of age. My dad is a teacher at
a local high school, and he has to work nearly weekdays. Very often he has extra classes on weekends,
sometimes he has evening classes. My mom is a farmer and she has to work hard in the fields nearly daily
from early morning till dark. My elder brother is now a final year university student, so he has very little
time to be at home with other family members. Although my parents are very busy, they try hard to spare as
much time to take care of their children as possible.
My mom is a really caring woman who is always the first to get up to prepare for other family
members things to start a new day, and the last to go to bed to make sure that everything is under control.
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My dad is always willing to join hands to make us a nice house and a happy home. My brother and I love
helping my parents in all sort of work whenever we have chance.
In my family, members care as much for others as possible to make a close-knit family. We are
admired so much by the neighboring residents. Whenever problems come up, we discuss the matters all
together frankly to find out solutions quickly. We also share all happiness and worries, so we all feel happy,
safe and secure at home just as the saying we love “Home is where love dwells and thrives”.
As you know, I am now in my final secondary year, preparing for the coming examinations with so
much pressure. Therefore, all members in my family encourage and give me the best to help me realize my
That is some about my family, and I would very much like to hear about yours in turn. I hope you
will share with me your family life. I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Yours sincerely,
---------- THE END----------
(ĐỀ LUYỆN 256) Thời gian: 90 phút
Choose the best option among A, B, C, or D to finish the following.
1. It is important that every student _____ attentive in class.
A. is B. was C. be D. were
2. _____ the time being, I think you’d better not say anything to him.
A. For B. At C. On D. In
3. Beauty is only skin_____.
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A. deepness B. depth C. deeply D. deep
4. You’ve got to be _____ certain before you decide.
A. deadly B. death C. dead D. deathly
5. _____ of half- starving wolves were roaming the snow- covered countryside.
A. Flocks B. Packs C. Swarms D. Herds
6. None of the people _____ to the party can come.
A. invite B. invited C. inviting D. to invite
7. _____ drivers endanger their lives and those of other road users.
A. Drunkard B. Drunken C. Drinking D. Drunk
8. Julia prefers to be her own boss and _____ her own business.
A. run B. charge C. form D. make
9. Skiing is a _____ sport.
A. seasoning B. seasonable C. seasoned D. seasonal
10. This ticket _____ one person to the museum.
A. admits B. permits C. enters D. allows
11. Each of us must take _____ for our own actions.
A. probability B. responsibility C. possibility D. ability
12. - In my opinion, action films are exciting. -__________
A. You shouldn’t have said that. B. What an opinion! C. Yes. Congratulations! D. There’s
no doubt about it.
13. Two thieves _____ at a bus stop were arrested yesterday.
A. wait B. waiting C. having waited D. were waiting
14. He is very _____ because he is concerned only with his own interests and feelings.
A. grateful B. selfish C. confident D. helpful
15. - “I’ve got to go , Sarah. So long.” - “So long, Jack. And ________.”
A. don’t take it seriously B. be careful C. don’t hurry D. take care
16. Not much happened yet, _____?
A. didn’t it B. did it C. did they D. didn’t they
17. Many people in remote areas are not clear about the use of the Internet . _____, they are isolated.
A. Therefore B. However C. For example D. Namely
18. With his excellent qualifications and a good command of English, James is _____above the other
A. head and hands B. head and ears C. head and hair D. head and shoulders
19. After so many years , it is great to see him _____ his ambitions.
A. realize B. get C. possess D. deserve
20. A: “ How much sugar do you want in your coffee?” B:“_________________”
A. Too much B. So much C. Not much D. Little bit
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21. _____ your help, I wouldn’t have got the scholarship.
A. But for B. Unless I had C. Had not it been for D. If I had had
22. She has just bought _____. A. an old interesting painting French B. a French interesting
old painting
C. a French old interesting painting D. an interesting old French painting
23. We have to start early _____ we’ll be late for school.
A. or else B. so that C. consequently D. although
24. Sam confessed _____ all the cookies.
A. eating B. to eating C. eat D. to eat
25. - “ How long is the seminar?” - “_____ knowledge, it takes about three hours.”
A. To my best B. To the best of my C. In my best of D. In my best
Gap fills
Why did you decide to read this, and will you keep reading to the end? Do you expect to understand
every single part of it and will you remember anything about it in a fortnight’s (26)____? Common sense
(27)____ that the answers to these questions depend on “readability”- whether the (28)____ matter is
interesting, the argument clear and the (29)____ attractive. But psychologists are trying to (30)_____why
people read - and often don’t read certain things, for example technical information. They also have
examined so much the writing as the readers.
Even the most technically confident people often (31)____ instructions for video or home computer in
favor of hands - on experience. And people frequently take little notice of consumer information, whether
on nutritional labels or in the small print of contracts. Psychologists researching reading (32)_____to
assume that both beginners and competent readers read everything put in front of them from start to finish.
There are (33)_____among them about the roles of eyes, memory and brain during the process. Some
people believe that fluent readers take in very letter or word they see; others (34)_____ that readers rely on
memory or context to carry them from one phrase to another. But they have always assumed that the
reading process is the same: reading starts, comprehension(35)____, then reading stops.
26. A. period B. term C. gap D. time
27. A. transmits B. suggests C. informs D. advises
28. A. subject B. topic C. content D. text
29. A. pattern B. layout C. formation D. assembly
30. A. ensure B. value C. determine D. rate
31. A. miss B. ignore C. pass D. omit
32. A. undertake B. tend C. lead D. consent
33. A. arguments B. objections C. separations D. contests
34. A. urge B. direct C. insist D. press
35. A. establishes B. issues C. occurs D. sets
Mistake identification:
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36. When babies are around fifteen months old, they can pick up objects and put themselves into small
A B C D them
37. The flag is risen at 6.30 every morning without fail.
A is raised B C D
38. How the earth is in the shadow of the moon, we see an eclipse of the sun.
A When B C D
39. If motorists do not observe the traffic regulations, they will be stopped, ticketed and have to pay a fine.
D fined
40. Long before boats became important in recreation, they were valuable to people for many essential
tasks, included transportation and fishing. A B C
including D
Stress pattern:
41. A. mechanize B. criteria C. irony D. enterprise
42. A. climax B. gazelle C. capture D. poacher
43. A. combat B. equal C. modern D. between
44. A. procedure B. recommend C. financial D. enormous
45. A. popular B. paralyzed C. disabled D. confident
Reading passage:
As heart disease continues to be the number-one killer in the United States, researchers have become
increasingly interested in identifying the potential risk factors that trigger heart attacks. High-fat diets and
"life in the fast lane" have long been known to contribute to the high incidence of heart failure. But
according to new studies, the list of risk factors may be significantly longer and quite surprising.
Heart failure, for example, appears to have seasonal and temporal patterns. A higher percentage of heart
attacks occur in cold weather, and more people experience heart failure on Monday than on any other day
of the week. In addition, people are more susceptible to heart attacks in the first few hours after waking.
Cardiologists first observed this morning phenomenon in the mid-1980, and have since discovered a
number of possible causes. An early-morning rise in blood pressure, heart rate, and concentration of heart
stimulating hormones, plus a reduction of blood flow to the heart, may all contribute to the higher incidence
of heart attacks between the hours of 8:00 A. M. and 10:00 A. M.
In other studies, both birthdays and bachelorhood have been implicated as risk factors. Statistics reveal
that heart attack rates increase significantly for both females and males in the few days immediately
preceding and following their birthdays. And unmarried men are more at risk for heart attacks than their
married counterparts. Though stress is thought to be linked in some way to all of the aforementioned risk
factors, intense research continues in the hope of further comprehending why and how heart failure is
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46. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. cardiology in the 1980s B. seasonal and temporal patterns of heart attacks
C. risk factors in heart attacks D. diet and stress as factors in heart attacks
47. In line 2, the word "potential" could best be re-placed by which of the following?
A. harmful B. possible C. unknown D. primary
48. The word "trigger" as used in line 2 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. involve B. affect C. cause D. encounter
49. Which of the following could best replace the word "incidence" as used in line 3?
A. increase B. rate C. factor D. chance
50. The author uses the word "temporal" in line 6 to mean
A. affected by B. of a certain date C. regularly D. expected
51. The phrase "susceptible to" in line 8 could best be replaced by
A. aware of B. prone to C. accustomed D. affected by
52. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a possible cause of many heart attacks?
A. decreased blood flow to the heart B. increase in hormones
C. lower heart rate D. increased blood pressure
53. The word "phenomenon" in line 9 refers to which of the following?
A. habit B. activity C. occurrence D. illness
54. Which of the following is NOT cited as a possible risk factor?
A. getting married B. having a birthday C. eating fatty foods D. being under stress
55. Which of the following does the passage infer?
A. We now fully understand how risk factors trigger heart attacks.
B. We do not fully understand how risk factors trigger heart attacks.
C. We have not identified many risk factors associated with heart attacks.
D. We recently began to study how risk factors trigger heart attacks.
Reading passage:
You can usually tell when your friends are happy or angry by the looks on their faces or by their actions.
This is useful because reading their emotional expressions helps you to know how to respond to them.
Emotions have evolved to help us respond to important situations and to convey our intentions to others.
But does raising the eyebrows and rounding the mouth say the same thing in Minneapolis as it does in
Madagascar? Much research on emotional expressions has centered on such questions.
According to Paul Ekman, the leading researcher in this area, people speak and understand substantially
the same “facial language”. Studies by Ekman’s group have demonstrated that humans share a set of
universal emotional expressions that testify to the common biological heritage of the human species. Smiles,
for example, signal happiness and frowns indicate sadness on the faces of people in such far- flung places
as Argentina, Japan, Spain, Hungary, Poland , Sumatra ,the United States, Vietnam, the jungles of New
Guinea , and the Eskimo villages north of Artic Circle. Ekman and his colleagues claim that people
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everywhere can recognize at least seven basic emotions: sadness, fear, anger, disgust, contempt, happiness,
and surprise. There are, however, huge differences across cultures in both the context and intensity of
emotional displays – the so called display rules. In many Asian cultures, for example, children are taught to
control emotional responses – especially negative ones- while many American children are encouraged to
express their feelings more openly. Regardless of culture, however, emotions usually show themselves, to
some degree , in people’s behavior. From their first days of life, babies produce facial expressions that
communicate their feelings.
The ability to read facial expressions develops early, too. Very young children pay close attention to
facial expressions, and by age five, they nearly equal adults in their skill at reading emotions on people’s
faces. This evidence all points to a biological underpinning for our abilities to express and interpret a basic
set of human emotions. Moreover, as Charles Darwin pointed out over a century ago, some emotional
expressions seem to appear across species boundaries. Cross - cultural psychologists tell us that certain
emotional responses carry different meanings in different cultures. For example, what emotion do you
suppose might be conveyed by sticking out your tongue? For Americans, this might indicate disgust, while
in China it can signify surprise. Likewise, a grin on an American face may indicate joy, while on a Japanese
face it may just as easily mean embarrassment. Clearly, culture influences emotional expressions.
56: According to the passage, we respond to others by _________.
A. observing their looks C. watching their actions
B. observing their emotional expressions D. looking at their faces
57: Many studies on emotional expressions try to answer the question whether _________.
A. different cultures have similar emotional expressions.
B. eyebrow raising means the same in Minneapolis and Madagascar.
C. raising the eyebrows has similar meaning to rounding the mouth.
D. rounding the mouth has the same meaning in Minneapolis and Madagascar.
58: The word “ evolved” in line 3 is closest in meaning to ___________.
A. reduced B. increased C. simplified D. developed
59: Paul Ekman is mentioned in the passage as an example of ________________.
A. lacked many main ingredients C. researchers who can speak and understand many languages
B. researchers on universal language D. investigators on universal emotional expressions
60: Smiles and frowns ____. A. are universal expressions across cultures C. are not popular everywhere
B. do not convey the same emotions in various cultures D. have different meanings in different
61: Unlike American children, Asian children are encouraged to ________________.
A. control their emotions C. display their emotions openly
B. conceal their positive emotions D. change their behavior
62: Young children _____.
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