Đề thi tuyển sinh đại học năm 2013 môn: tiếng anh; khối a1

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Môn: TIẾNG ANH; Khối A1
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
(Đề có 6 trang)
Mã đề thi 475
Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................
Số báo danh:............................................................................
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part
differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. stork B. form C. work D. force
Question 2: A. reign B. reindeer C. vein D. protein
Question 3: A. examine B. eleven C. exact D. elephant
Question 4: A. aboard B. cupboard C. keyboard D. overboard
Question 5: A. assist B. pressure C. assure D. possession
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions from 6 to 15.
In 1826, a Frenchman named Niépce needed pictures for his business. He was not a good artist,
so he invented a very simple camera. He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his
yard. That was the first photograph.
The next important date in the history of photography was 1837. That year, Daguerre, another
Frenchman, took a picture of his studio. He used a new kind of camera and a different process. In his
pictures, you could see everything clearly, even the smallest details. This kind of photograph was
called a daguerreotype.
Soon, other people began to use Daguerre's process. Travelers brought back daguerreotypes from
all around the world. People photographed famous buildings, cities, and mountains.
In about 1840, the process was improved. Then photographers could take pictures of people and
moving things. The process was not simple and photographers had to carry lots of film and
processing equipment. However, this did not stop photographers, especially in the United States.
After 1840, daguerreotype artists were popular in most cities.
Matthew Brady was one well-known American photographer. He took many portraits of famous
people. The portraits were unusual because they were lifelike and full of personality. Brady was also
the first person to take pictures of a war. His 1862 Civil War pictures showed dead soldiers and
ruined cities. They made the war seem more real and more terrible.
In the 1880s, new inventions began to change photography. Photographers could buy film ready-
made in rolls, instead of having to make the film themselves. Also, they did not have to process the
film immediately. They could bring it back to their studios and develop it later. They did not have to
carry lots of equipment. And finally, the invention of the small handheld camera made
photography less expensive.
With a small camera, anyone could be a photographer. People began to use cameras just for fun.
They took pictures of their families, friends, and favorite places. They called these pictures "snapshots".
Documentary photographs became popular in newspapers in the 1890s. Soon magazines and
books also used them. These pictures showed true events and people. They were much more real
than drawings.
Some people began to think of photography as a form of art. They thought that photography
could do more than show the real world. It could also show ideas and feelings, like other art forms.
From “Reading Power” by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries
Question 6: The first photograph was taken with ______.
A. a small handheld camera B. a daguerreotype
C. a very simple camera D. new types of film
Question 7: Daguerre took a picture of his studio with ______.
A. a very simple camera B. an electronic camera
C. a new kind of camera D. special equipment
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Question 8: The word “this” in the passage refers to the ______.
A. taking of pictures of people and moving things
B. stopping of photographers from taking photos
C. fact that daguerreotype artists were popular in most cities
D. carrying of lots of film and processing equipment
Question 9: The word “ruined” in the passage is closest in meaning to “______”.
A. heavily-polluted B. poorly-painted C. badly damaged D. terribly spoiled
Question 10: The word “lifelike” in the passage is closest in meaning to “______”.
A. touching B. moving C. realistic D. manlike
Question 11: The latest invention mentioned in the passage is the invention of ______.
A. rolls of film B. daguerreotypes
C. processing equipment D. handheld cameras
Question 12: The word “handheld” in the passage is closest in meaning to “______”.
A. handling manually B. operated by hand C. controlling hands D. held by hand
Question 13: Matthew Brady was well-known for ______.
A. portraits and war photographs B. inventing daguerreotypes
C. the small handheld camera D. taking pictures of French cities
Question 14: As mentioned in the passage, photography can ______.
A. print old pictures B. replace drawings
C. show the underworld D. convey ideas and feelings
Question 15: Which of the following could best serve as the title of the passage?
A. Story of Famous Photographers B. Photography and Painting
C. Different Steps in Film Processing D. Story of Photography
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 16 to 25.
In a world where 2 billion people live in homes that don't have light bulbs, technology holds the
key (16)______ banishing poverty. Even the simplest technologies can transform lives and save
money. Vaccines, crops, computers and sources of solar energy can all reduce poverty in developing
countries. For example, cheap oral-rehydration therapy developed in Bangladesh has dramatically cut
the death (17)______ from childhood diarrhoea.
But even when such technologies exist, the depressing fact is that we can’t make them (18)______
for those who most need them. Solar panels, batteries and light bulbs are still beyond the purse of
many, but where they have been installed they change lives. A decent light in the evening gives
children more time for homework and extends the productive day for adults.
Kenya has a thriving solar industry and six years ago Kenyan pioneers also (19)______ connecting
schools to the Internet via radio links. These people were fortunate (20)______ being able to afford
solar panels, radios and old computers. How much bigger would the impact be if these things
(21)______ and priced specifically for poor people?
Multinationals must become part of the solution, because (22)______ they own around 60 per cent
of the world's technology, they seldom make products for poor customers. Of 1,223 new drugs
marketed worldwide from 1975 to 1996, for example, just 13 were for tropical diseases.
People think those enterprises should do more to provide vital products such as medicines
(23)______ different prices around the world to suit (24)______ people can afford. Alternatively,
they could pay a percentage of their profit towards research and development for (25)______.
Adapted from “The Price is Wrong” in “Focus on IELTS Foundations” by Sue O’Connell, Pearson Longman, 2006
Question 16: A. for B. with C. at D. to
Question 17: A. toll B. penalty C. amount D. number
Question 18: A. cheaply enough B. enough cheap C. cheap enough D. enough cheaply
Question 19: A. were starting B. started C. had started D. have been starting
Question 20: A. by B. in C. at D. on
Question 21: A. have been made B. are made C. made D. were made
Question 22: A. while B. when C. however D. unless
Question 23: A. at B. with C. on D. to
Question 24: A. where B. that C. what D. which
Question 25: A. the rich B. the wealthy C. the better-off D. the poor
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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in each of the
following questions.
Question 26: Books and magazines ______ around made his room very untidy.
A. laying B. lying C. which lied D. that lie
Question 27: “What ______ if the earth stopped moving?”
A. would happen B. will happen C. happens D. happened
Question 28: Her mother, ______ has been working for thirty years, is retiring next month.
A. whose B. who C. whom D. that
Question 29: In our hospital, patients ______ every morning.
A. are examined B. have examined C. can examine D. were examining
Question 30: I'll give this dictionary to ______ wants to have it.
A. anyone B. everyone C. whatever D. whoever
Question 31: He wasn't attending the lecture properly and missed most of ______.
A. what the teacher said B. which the teacher said
C. things said by the teacher D. that the teacher said
Question 32: No one can avoid ______ by advertisements.
A. having influenced B. being influenced C. to be influenced D. influencing
Question 33: Connecticut was the fifth of the original thirteen states ______ the Constitution of the
United States.
A. ratified B. to ratify C. have ratified D. ratify
Question 34: It is ______ work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it.
A. a so unusual B. so an unusual C. such unusual a D. such an unusual
Question 35: A large number of workmen ______ because of the economic recession.
A. has been laid out B. has laid aside C. have laid down D. have been laid off
Question 36: The water supply of our home city has failed to ______ average purity requirements.
A. meet B. see C. own D. hold
Question 37: The Moon is much closer to Earth ______, and thus it had greater influence on the tides.
A. where the Sun is B. than is the Sun C. unlike the Sun D. but the Sun is
Question 38: Mai: “Do you want another serving of chicken soup?”
Scott: “______.”
A. No thanks B. No way C. No comment D. No longer
Question 39: Having traveled to different parts of our country, ______.
A. we are seeing a lot of interesting lifestyles and customs
B. we have learned a lot about interesting lifestyles and customs
C. much has been learned about interesting lifestyles and customs
D. many interesting lifestyles and customs have been learned by us
Question 40: His honesty is ______; nobody can doubt it.
A. in question B. without question C. out the question D. beside the question
Question 41: You can use my car ______ you drive carefully.
A. as though B. as long as C. though D. lest
Question 42: Scarcely had he stepped out of the room ______ he heard a loud laughter within.
A. until B. then C. than D. when
Question 43: The children ran away as if they ______ a ghost.
A. see B. had seen C. would see D. have seen
Question 44: We decided to take a late flight ______ we could spend more time with our family.
A. in order B. so as to C. in order to D. so that
Question 45: He's sometimes bad-tempered but he's a good fellow ______.
A. at heart B. with heart C. in heart D. by heart
Question 46: I would join that running competition ______.
A. if it would happen 5 years ago B. when I was 5 years older
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C. if I were 5 years younger D. unless I were 5 years younger
Question 47: The government was finally ______ by a minor scandal.
A. taken down B. brought down C. put back D. pulled down
Question 48: Thanh: “Lan’s the best singer in our school.”
Nadia: “______”
A. Yes, please. B. I can’t agree with you more!
C. That’s OK! D. Yes, tell me about it!
Question 49: My brother tried to learn Japanese at a night school, ______ he gave up after 2 months.
A. but B. until C. when D. therefore
Question 50: We expressed ______ the missing child would be found alive.
A. the hope that B. the hope which C. the hope for D. as we hoped
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning
to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 51: We'd better speed up if we want to get there in time.
A. turn down B. slow down C. put down D. lie down
Question 52: A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduces our motivation to work.
A. calm B. miserable C. responsive D. uncomfortable
Question 53: She is a very generous old woman. She has given most of her wealth to a charity
A. amicable B. kind C. mean D. hospitable
Question 54: Her thoughtless comments made him very angry.
A. kind B. honest C. thoughtful D. pleasant
Question 55: We are now a 24/7 society where shops and services must be available all hours.
A. an active society B. a physical society C. an inactive society D. a working society
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions from 56 to 65.
Archimedes' Principle is a law of physics that states that when an object is totally or partially
immersed in a fluid, it experiences an upthrust equal to the weight of the fluid displaced. The
principle is most frequently applied to the behaviour of objects in water, and helps to explain floating
and sinking, and why objects seem lighter in water. It also applies to balloons.
The key word in the principle is “upthrust”, which refers to the force acting upward to reduce the
apparent weight of the object when it is under water. If, for example, a metal block with a volume of
100 cm3 is dipped in water, it displaces an equal volume of water, which has a weight of
approximately 1 N (3.5 oz). The block therefore seems to weigh about 1 N less.
An object will float if its average density is less than that of water. If it is totally submerged, the
weight of the water it displaces (and hence the upthrust on it) is greater than its own weight, and it is
forced upward and out of the water, until the weight of the water displaced by the submerged part is
exactly equal to the weight of the floating object. Thus a block of wood with a density six tenths that of
water will float with six tenths of its volume under water, since at that point the weight of fluid
displaced is the same as the block’s own weight. If a dense material is made into a suitable shape, it will
float because of Archimedes’ principle. A ship floats, whereas a block of iron of the same mass sinks.
It is also because of Archimedes’ principle that ships float lower in the water when they are
heavily loaded (more water must be displaced to give the necessary upthrust). In addition, they cannot
be so heavily loaded if they are to sail in fresh water as they can if they are to sail in the sea, since
fresh water is less dense than sea water, and so more water must be displaced to give the necessary
upthrust. This means the ship is lower in the water, which can be dangerous in rough weather.
From "Archimedes' Principle", Microsoft® Student 2008 [DVD]. Microsoft Corporation, 2007.
Question 56: What happens when something is immersed in a fluid?
A. The fluid will expand the object and overflow to the floor.
B. It receives a downward force, equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
C. It receives an upward force, equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
D. It will be pushed further down with a force, equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.
Question 57: The word “volume” in the passage refers to ______.
A. length B. quantity C. frequency D. loudness
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